Here are a few historic sights in the United Kingdom:
1. The Big Ben
Big Ben is the nickname for the great hour bell in the far north-east of the Palace of Westminster in London. nickname is often also used to refer to the clock and clock tower. It is the world’s largest four-faced, chiming clock and the third largest free-standing clock tower in the world. It is celebrating the 150th anniversary in 2009, during the celebration event is planned. The tower was raised as part of Charles Barry’s design for a new palace, after the old Palace of Westminster was destroyed by fire on the night of October 22, 1834. The new Parliament was built in Neo-gothic style. Although Barry was chief architect of the Palace, he turned to Augustus Pugin for the design
of the clock tower, which resembles earlier Pugin designs, including one for Scarisbrick Hall. The design for the Clock Tower was Pugin final draft before final descent into madness and death, and Pugin himself wrote, at the time of Barry’s last visit to him to collect the drawings: “I’ve never worked harder in my life for Mr Barry for tomorrow I make all design to complete his bell tower & it’s beautiful. “The tower was designed in the style of Pugin’s celebrated Gothic Revival, and 96.3 meters (315.9 ft) high.
2.The Tower Of London
Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and history as The Tower), is a historic monument in central London, England, on the northern bank of the River Thames. It is located in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and separated from the east end of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. Tower of London is often identified with the White Tower, cool original square fortress built by William the Conqueror in 1078. However, the tower as a whole is a complex several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and ditches.
The main tower is a function, the royal palace fortress, and prison (particularly for high status and royal prisoners, such as the Princes in the Tower and the future Queen Elizabeth I). This last use has led to the phrase “sent to the Tower” (meaning “imprisoned”). It also serves as a place of execution and torture, an armory, a treasury, a zoo, the Royal Mint, public records office, observatory, and since 1303, the home of the British Crown Jewels.
3. Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the king of England. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality, and tourism attractions. It has become a rallying point for the British people at times of national joy and crisis. Originally known as Buckingham House, a building that forms the core of the palace today is a townhouse large built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703 and acquired by George III in 1761 as a private residence, known as the “House of The Queen’s”. It was enlarged during the next 75 years, principally by architects John Nash and Edward Blore, forming three wings around a courtyard center. Buckingham Palace finally became the official palace of the king of England on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837. The last major structural additions made at the end of the 20th century and early 19th, including present-day public face of Buckingham Palace. However, the palace chapel was destroyed by German bombs in World War II, the Queen’s Gallery was built on the site and opened to the public in 1962 to exhibit works of art from the Royal Collection.
Early original interior design of the 19th century, many of which still survive, including the extensive use of layers of brightly colored scagliola and blue and pink, on the advice of Sir Charles Long. King Edward VII overseeing a partial repetition of the Belle Epoque cream and gold color scheme. Many smaller reception rooms furnished in the Chinese regency style with furniture and equipment were taken from the Royal Pavilion at Brighton and from Carlton House. The Buckingham Palace Garden is the largest private garden in London, originally the park by Capability Brown, but redesigned by William Townsend Aiton of Kew Gardens and John Nash. This artificial lake was completed in 1828 and supplied with water from the Serpentine, a river that flows in Hyde Park.
Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London, England, on the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, which gives it its name Name [>]. It has become an iconic symbol of London. Tower Bridge is one of several London bridges owned and maintained by the City Bridge Trust, a charitable trust overseen by the City of London Corporation. The bridge consists of two towers are tied together at the top by two horizontal tunnel designed to overcome the horizontal force given by the suspended part of the bridge to the left and right. Vertical component of force on the suspended and the vertical reaction of the two paths are made by two robust towers. The bascule pivots and operating machinery stationed at the base of each tower. Its color is present dates from 1977 when it was painted red, white and blue for the Queen’s Silver Jubilee. Prior to this, it is painted brown.
Tower Bridge is sometimes mistakenly referred to as London Bridge, which is actually the next bridge upstream. A popular urban legend is that in 1968, Robert McCulloch, the purchaser of the old London Bridge which is then shipped to Lake Havasu City, Ariz., mistakenly believing that he was buying Tower Bridge. This was denied by McCulloch himself and has been refuted by Ivan Luckin, the seller of the bridge.
Â 5. Madame Tussauds Wax Museum
Madame Tussauds is a famous wax museum in London with branches in several major cities. It was set up by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud was born Marie Tussaud.Marie Grosholtz in Strasbourg, France. His mother worked as a housekeeper for Dr. Philippe Curtius, who was a physician skilled in wax modeling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modeling. In 1765, Curtius make a waxwork of Marie-Jeanne du Barry, Louis XV’s mistress.
A casting mold which is the oldest work currently on display. The first exhibition of Curtius waxworks’ shown in 1770, and attracted a large audience. The exhibition moved to the Palais Royal in Paris in 1776. He opened a second location on Boulevard du Temple in 1782, the “Caverne des Grand Voleurs”, a precursor to the later Chamber of Horrors. in July 2008, Madame Tussauds’ Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man passed by two guards and decapitated the wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler. It is believed as an act of protest against the show’s most ruthless dictators with sports heroes, movie stars, and other historical figures. However, the statue has since been repaired and the offender has admitted he attacked the statue to win the bet. The original model of Hitler, was unveiled at Madame Tussauds London in April 1933 and a replacement is often destroyed in 1936 should be carefully guarded.
6. London Eye
London Eye (also known as the Millennium Wheel) at an altitude of 135 meters (443 feet), is the largest Ferris wheel in Europe, and has been paying the most popular tourist attraction in the UK, visited by more than 3 million people in one year the time it was built It is the tallest Ferris wheel in the world, until he was defeated by Star Nanchang (160m) in May 2006, and then the Singapore Flyer (165m) on February 11, 2008. However, it is still described by operators as “the tallest cantilevered observation wheel in the world”. The London Eye is located at the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames in London, England, between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge. The site is adjacent to the former Discovery Dome, built for the Festival in England in 1951.
Designed by architects David Marks, Julia Barfield, Malcolm Cook, Mark Sparrowhawk, Steven Chilton and Nic Bailey, the wheel carrying 32 passengers capsule enclosed air-conditioned and are attached to the outer circumference, each capsule is one of the London district.